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How to make a professional resume stand out – Ladders

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How To Become A Stockbroker: Education, Licensure And Career Outlook – Forbes

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors’ opinions or evaluations.

If you’re quick on your feet and enjoy a fast-paced work environment, you may enjoy a career as a stockbroker.

Stockbrokerage is more than just market analysis—in fact, it can be a fairly social and exciting job. Most firms require applicants to have a bachelor’s degree and pass a few qualification exams. This guide explores how to become a stockbroker, including education, licensure and career data.

What Do Stockbrokers Do?

Stockbrokers buy and sell stocks at the direction of their clients. Being a stockbroker requires sales and social skills since these professionals are responsible for building and advising their own client base. Some clients may not be familiar with the market, so it’s up to the broker to assess the situation and explain their recommendations simply.

Role and Responsibilities

The stock market changes constantly. Brokers monitor day-to-day changes, follow economic trends, understand their clients’ portfolios and make adjustments to increase profit. This career is fast-paced, with a lot of money on the line.

How to Become a Stockbroker

Most stockbrokers must earn a degree and licensure before they can practice. Read on to learn more.

Stockbroker Education Requirements

If you want to become a stockbroker, the first step is to earn a college degree. A bachelor’s degree is required for most entry-level positions, and it’s especially helpful to major in something business-related. These classes provide an overview of the industry and can help hone your skills in finance and economics.

To get a feel for the job—and to boost your resume—consider getting a summer internship. You’ll get hands-on experience and make connections that can help in your job search.

Pass the Necessary Exams

With your bachelor’s degree in hand, it’s time to get licensed. Stockbrokers must register with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). FINRA is a not-for-profit organization that’s been authorized by Congress to regulate brokerage firms and stockbrokers—more than 624,000 individuals.

To become a registered securities professional, you’ll need to pass two exams. You can take the Securities Industry Essentials® exam before landing a job. This test covers basic information about the securities industry, such as regulatory agencies, best practices and the structure of the market as a whole.

Next, you must pass a qualification exam. This test requires association with a FINRA-registered firm. The Series 7 exam—which specifically serves general securities representatives—covers the details of your chosen field.

Most states also require brokers to pass the Series 63, or the Uniform Securities State Law Examination. This test is administered by the North American Securities Administrators Association but facilitated through FINRA. It focuses on state-specific laws and regulations.

Certification isn’t a one-time deal, though. FINRA requires license-holders to maintain their certifications through annual continuing education programs. This includes online training about regulations, ethics and compliance, as well as training programs from your firm.

Consider Graduate Education

Stockbrokers advance in their careers by gaining more clients, and earning a master’s degree also helps. Completing an MBA can demonstrate that you have the finance and communication skills necessary for a leadership position in the industry.

Changes in the Brokerage Industry

Technology has altered the brokerage industry in recent decades. Most trades are made online, rather than auction-style on the trading room floor.

In 2017, there were 205 floor brokers from 125 firms on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) floor—already a significant decrease from the NYSE’s heyday. Now, there are just 22 firms on the directory. The NYSE has physically decreased its space, and more stockbrokers are allowed to work from home.

Who Uses Stockbrokers?

Online discount brokers like Charles Schwab and Robinhood allow individuals to invest with few or no fees. Many investors use these robo-advisors in lieu of human brokers.

However, individuals and companies who have large sums of money to invest still work with stockbrokers to make personalized decisions. In turn, stockbrokers receive a commission off the trade.

What Skills Does a Stockbroker Need?

Above all, stockbrokers must know how to keep calm under pressure. Given the volatility of the market, these professionals need to analyze all available information quickly, while thinking through all potential risks. They should know how to make decisions they can defend to their clients.

Stockbrokers benefit from math and computer skills. They use computer programming and investment formulas to analyze various situations.

The social aspect of this job is just as important. When starting out, stockbrokers make cold calls to convince potential clients to trust them with their money. Brokers must be confident and persuasive, and they should be able to distill their analyses and recommendations for their clients. Stockbrokers who excel at this can build a larger client base through referrals.

How Much Does a Stockbroker Make?

Stockbrokerage can be a lucrative career. Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents—which includes stockbrokers—earned a median annual wage of $62,910 in May 2021, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). In contrast, the median salary for all occupations nationwide was $45,760.

There’s significant earning potential for stockbrokers at the top. The top 10% of these workers earned an annual wage of $205,440, according to the BLS.

New brokers typically earn a salary while they learn the field and build their client base. As their accounts grow, commissions make up a larger portion of brokers’ income. Full-service brokers can charge a commission of 1% to 2% of their clients’ managed assets.

Career Outlook for Stockbrokers

As online trading becomes easier and more popular, there’s less need for humans to facilitate trades. Instead, an online brokerage firm may look to hire sales agents who have financial expertise and customer service experience to help advise online investors.

That said, the BLS projects a 10% growth in positions for securities, commodities and financial services sales agents between 2021 and 2031—twice as fast as the projected growth for all occupations nationwide. And as people leave the industry or retire, the BLS projects 46,600 jobs to open up each year for these professionals.

As the U.S. population ages—and fewer people have pensions to rely on—retirees may seek out individualized advice from stockbrokers, the BLS says.

Frequently Asked Questions About Stockbrokers

Is stockbroker a good career?

Stockbrokerage entails dealing with large sums of money, making the work stressful and fast-paced. Since their clients work during the day, brokers may be expected to advise clients on evenings and weekends. However, the U.S. continues to be an economic hub, meaning there will be demand for stockbrokers, and top earners can make over $200,000 per year.

Do stockbrokers make good money?

Stockbrokers earn more than the average American. In May 2021, securities agents earned a median annual wage of $62,910. Larger client bases and more successful trades lead to higher earnings.

How much do beginner stockbrokers make?

When starting out, new stockbrokers are paid a salary. As they gain more clients and move up the ranks, they may take a lower salary in favor of higher commissions. Stockbrokers with one to four years of experience earn nearly $60,000 per year on average, according to Payscale.

Do you need a degree to be a stockbroker?

Most firms require applicants to have a bachelor’s degree. There isn’t a specific major requirement, but a degree in business is especially helpful. Earning a master’s degree can be helpful for advancement, but it’s not necessary.


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Career Advice

Seven App Store creators share their tips for forging a career in coding – apple.com

November 2, 2022

Function

Seven App Retailer creators share their ideas for forging a profession in coding

It typically begins with a spark — a fledgling curiosity that develops Proper into a extra devoted curiosity After which slowly grows Proper into an all-consuming moveion for fixing distinctive factors and forging prolonged-lasting joinions in A completely new language.

For some app constructers, this spark was ignited In school by an encouraging practiceer or mother or father, the placeas completely differents acquired here to coding later in life, pushed by an innate want To tug factors aside and Understand the method they work.

Forward of Nationwide STEAM Day on November 8, seven inspiring creators — from school roommates who bonded over their love of sneakers to a pair of engineers Making an try To assist fellow mothers discover extreme quality childcare — are sharing their distinctive journeys that led them to entrepreneurship by way of app enchancment and the App Retailer. Under, They current insights for these Making an try to take the leap into coding and underline the endmuch less alternatives out there for aspiring app constructers In any respect levels of life.

Adjust to Curiosity Wherever It Leads

 

Anne K. Halsall (2022 Apple Entrepreneur Camp participant), co-founder and chief product officer at Winnie, a childcare uncovery platform that assists mom and father discover extreme-extreme quality daycares and preschools
“As quickly as I used to be A toddler, pc-assisted work and pc design have been the factors I spent all my time doing; I used to be simply obsessed. What was unusual for me was that that was On A daily basis like a curiosity — one factor I pursued for nice, Sort of Inside the privateness of my house. I didn’t have alternatives to bond with completely different youthfulsters about this, as a Outcome of I didn’t know Ancompletely different women who have been into pcs. And when I went To school, it by no means occurred to me To Do this as a profession. I didn’t even think about going into know-how as a profession, regardmuch less of having pcs in my life since I used to be very youthful. I, Really, ended up there as a Outcome of it was meant to be. It was the factor I Desired to do and the factor I used to be moveionate about. So as a lot as I tried to do completely different factors with my life, I ended up in know-how inevitably, Regardmuch less of myself.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Don’t Be Afraid To vary Course

 

Amanda Southworth (2017 and 2018 WWDC Scholar Scholar), founder and authorities director of Astra Laboratories, a nonprofit that develops know-how options That current very important resupplys to marginalized communities 

“I created my first app, AnxietyHelper, And that i assumed it was going to be Solely a factor I might Converse about on school purposes. I assumed, ‘I kinda like mobile enchancment, however I’m going To maneuver again to robotics. I’m going to go To school.’ But I ended up doing none of these factors. With AnxietyHelper, I put out one factor I knew had A necessity as a Outcome of I used to be experiencing that want. The response has and still Is completely overwhelming; it was A very lovely factor that acquired here out of A lot of wrestle and power. It was very pivotal To know that there are A lot of Sorts of movement somebody can take, And ranging levels of influence. App enchancment is my platform, like how some people write poetry, or how some people make movies. The biggest method I talk and the method I course of emovements Is by way of app enchancment.”

Sara Mauskopf, co-founder and CEO of Winnie
“I On A daily basis inform people you’re by no means too previous to study to code. I uncovered it in school, And that i assumed I used to be already behind as a Outcome of some people at my school had found to code in Highschool, Neverthemuch less it Seems You will Have The power to study anytime, even a lot later in your profession. At Winnie, we’re actually supportive of hiring people from nontraditional againgrounds, like mom and father returning to the workforce, or Individuals who see coding as A mannequin new profession path after their first profession.”

Domesticate Group

 

 

Akshaya Dinesh (2018 WWDC Scholar Scholar), founder and CEO of Spellbound, a system That permits corporations to embed work togetherive consumer experiences immediately into their advertising emails
“As quickly as I used to be in Highschool, I started a nonprofit in my free time, and we had this actually superior group of youthful women who have been moveionate about making change Inside the enterprise; we have been organizing everyfactor from workshops for center school women to Research coding, All of the method As a lot as hackathons of our personal. We hosted Definitely one of many largest all-women hackathons in NY metropolis and launched lots of Of people from throughout The world. People even flew in from throughout the counAttempt To return and take part and construct Their very personal merchandise and apps. It’s been actually superior to see a community flourish.”

Nicco Adams (2021 Apple Entrepreneur Camp participant), co-Founding father of Kickstroid, a uncovery app using machine studying To assist sneaker lovers uncover their subsequent favourite pair
“I grew up in a predominantly Black community the place not Many people have been pursuing STEAM. So that you’ve this small collective that started in extreme school the place, for The primary time, I noticed Individuals who Appeared like me On this space. These are the pioneers of our future, Those Which will go on to design how this world will look And the method we’ll work together with it. They’re alright with being weak, taking The path much less traveled To actually make their mark On this world. So that you understand, I Checked out them and thought, ‘I ought to go ahead and leap into this space’ — An space the place it doesn’t matter Do You’d like to’re the practiceer or The scholar; everyone studys from Every completely different.”

Build Confidence

“The Most very important piece Of suggestion I’ve for feminine founders and entrepreneurs from underrecurrented groups is confidence. You know, There are So many People who discover themselves much less underrecurrented than us, They typically’re In a place to get by simply by seeming super, super assured and believing Inside themselves. I really feel that’s The first step to getting completely differents To imagine about in you — having The religion That you merely’re In a place to do it too. Even Do You’d like to don’t have that confidence at first, pretend Similar to you’re In all probability the most assured mannequin of your self as potential. That has labored unimaginable wonders for me, When it Includes everyfactor from elevating enterprise capital to hiring staff — somefactor relating to bringing people round to believing in my imaginative and prescient. Confidence has been The first step.” — Akshaya Dinesh

Search Mentorship

 

 

Alandis Seals, junior developer and assistant teacher at Ed Farm, a nonprofit and Apple Group Education Initiative companion that encourages youthfulsters and adults to pursue professions in STEAM

“I had an teacher who taught me The biggest Method to code, and he was Sort of my mentor at first. I’d come ask some questions and he was so responsive — if he didn’t know one factor, he’d leap on a Zoom with me and we’d Attempt and decide it out, Even when it took hours. We’d try To Search out out any little drawback I had, and that launched me to The objective the place now I Might assist move on the language. He did that for me, And i have to do it for The subsequent period. I even Need to be that One which currents That very similar Sort of assist.”

Pay It Forward

 

David Alston (2021 Apple Entrepreneur Camp participant), co-founder and CEO of Kickstroid “No matter somebody does for you, do it twofprevious for the people behind you. No matter They current you, don’t primarytain it Solely for your self. It was shared with you with the intention that it’s additionally going to be shared with completely differents To assist construct a community Of Individuals with pursuits like us, and who Appear to be us And are out there from againgrounds like ours. That’s how we construct a period of innovators who Appear to be us. Information Isn’t only yours; knowledge Is Alleged to be shared. Information Is Alleged to be cultivated, improved, and handed Proper dpersonal to the people behind us.”

“What’s important to me right now is To have The power To current examples to youthfulsters that there are women On this area, that there are women who go To Highschool for pc science, that there are women Who’ve expert professions in programming and the digital world. Because when I used to be youthful, I didn’t actually Get pleaassembleive from that. I really feel that’s Definitely one of the biggest rationalization I am going to Supply you for why I didn’t initially choose know-how as a profession. I really feel it’s Essential for us to be examples of expert women On this area, So as that completely different little women can see themselves, too.” — Anne K. Halsall

Don’t Wait — Take the Leap

“It’s been now six and a half yrs of constructing Winnie, and we assembleed it Sort of all by way of our childbearing yrs. It wasn’t actually an selection for us To take care of have youthfulsters till after we have been carried out with our startup as a Outcome of That is typically An prolonged journey. And Do You’d like to’re worthwhile, That is typically A ten-plus-yr journey you’re on. If You’d like To attend till your youthfulsters are grpersonal, you’re letting A lot of time and alternative move you by.” — Sara Mauskopf

Apple think abouts coding is An important litperiodcy and has The power to change the world. Our coding resupplys make it straightforward for anyone to study, write, and practice coding and app design using open supply mannequins like Swift Playgrounds, Everyone Can Code, and An in depth suite of free mannequins and frameworks — collectively with Computer software enchancment kits (SDKs) and developer providers with Greater than 250,000 APIs. Packages such as Apple’s Developer Academies, Entrepreneur Camps, App Accelperiodtors, and WWDC student scholarships Make assembleive the power of coding know-how is accessible and inclusive.
 
The App Retailer, which launched in 2008, is the world’s most safe and most vibrant app market, presently house to 1.8 million apps and go toed by Greater than half a billion people each week throughout 175 areas. It assists creators, dreamers, and studyers of all ages and againgrounds join with the mannequins And knowledge They’ve To assemble a brighter future and A greater world. For extra information on creating for the App Retailer, go to apple.com/app-store/creating-for-the-app-store.

Press Contacts

Katie Clark Alsadder

Apple

[email protected]

D’Nara Cush

Apple

[email protected]

Apple Media Helpline

[email protected]

(408) 974-2042

Source: https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/CBMicGh0dHBzOi8vd3d3LmFwcGxlLmNvbS9uZXdzcm9vbS8yMDIyLzExL3NldmVuLWFwcC1zdG9yZS1jcmVhdG9ycy1zaGFyZS10aGVpci10aXBzLWZvci1mb3JnaW5nLWEtY2FyZWVyLWluLWNvZGluZy_SAQA?oc=5

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Career Advice

Air University concludes career counselling week – Pakistan Observer

 

Vice Chancellor of Air University Air Marshal (R) Javaid Ahmed has stressed the need for promoting career-focused education stating “Air University focuses on enhancing the employability skills in order to facilitate students for choosing a perfect career path.”

He was addressing the concluding session in connection with the first-ever Career Counseling Week (AUCCW 2022) organized by the AU Career Support Office.

On the occasion, Director Student Affairs Fazaila Ali, Assistant Director Sabahuddin Qazi, Placement Officials Gulnaz Batool, Misbah Shahid, Mobeen Jamshed and other distinguished guests were also present.

The vice chancellor also emphasized career-oriented education is the need of time that empowers students, through academic programs and co-curricular activities, to identify their professional goals and let them move forward in the right direction to achieve successes. “Air University is taking various initiatives facilitating students to earn their valuable degree, develop bright destiny, and ensure a solid foundation for their future achievements,” he further said.

Replying to a question about importance of CGPA in job hiring, the VC acknowledged that the CGPA was usually considered the most important factor when being shortlisted for a job position.”You might get a job offer based on your academic performance, but in order to secure the seat and compete in the job market, you need to demonstrate extraordinary competencies related to creative thinking, interpersonal skills, team spirit, decision-making, and a strong grip on technology,” he stated.

“It is a universal fact that students who are more self-aware and clear on their career strengths feel more confident to explore professional opportunities,” DSA Fazaila Ali expressed while expressing her views with students. “The key objectives for organizing the Career Counseling Week include to brief newly-enrolled students of 1st semester about the significance of choosing the right career path, to test and evaluate job readiness skills, and to devise a concrete plan of action in support of career planning and development,” she emphasized.

“The data obtained could also be beneficial for research purpose and decision making process to find out more about students’ career readiness, their strengths and needs for grooming,” Sabahuddin Qazi, who heads Career Support Office, stated, informing that “it will also provide a comprehensive framework for addressing career-related goals and outcomes of curricular and co-curricular activities in terms of student’s field of study and interest areas.”

 

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Gen Z faces generation gap at work. Bosses can help – Fast Company

Gen Z is still young, but this demographic cohort has already weathered a global pandemic, rampant inflation, and the ever-present rise of climate change. The oldest among them have had to enter their first jobs while the world was adjusting to remote work and the ramifications of COVID-19, not to mention endless worker shortages, a youth mental health crisis, and unprecedented levels of workplace burnout.

Fast Company recently spoke with Gorick Ng, author of The Unspoken Rules: Secrets to Starting Your Career Off Right, about the Gen-Z workforce, typically defined as people born between 1995 and 2010. Ng also works as a career advisor at Harvard, specializing in first-generation and low-income students. Ng has spoken to thousands of Gen-Zers and employers. He shared with us his insights on what Gen Z is facing at work and how both Gen-Zers and managers can bridge the generational gap.

Fast Company: What attributes make Gen Z unique in the workforce?

Gorick Ng: To begin with, whenever we hear about the term ‘generational differences,’ we’re inclined to talk about differences instead of what we have in common. What research has shown time and time again is that young people today aren’t that different from the young people yesterday. What we’re talking about is the difference in perspective of someone in their twenties versus their sixties. What Gen Z wants is not that different from other generations.

That said, they are shining a light on the importance of diversity and not afraid to vote with their feet. I’ve spoken to a number of Gen Z who say that before they walk into an interview or sign a job offer, they look at a company’s leadership page to see if anyone else looks like them. If the answer is no, they are tempted to look elsewhere.

FC: What kinds of generational gaps is Gen Z facing in the workplace given the context of the pandemic?

GN: What I see is the rift between what is expected and what is taught in school has widened. I’ve visited high school and university classrooms during the pandemic and seen the instructor teaching to a wall of black backgrounds with names—and who knows what’s going on off camera? Are the kids sideways or in their pajamas? I was talking to one law firm where every intern starts in the mail room and three of the 10 are then hired on. The mailroom is a test of your competence, commitment, and compatibility: If you can be trusted in the mailroom, you can be trusted with more. But the interns didn’t realize that, and people working remotely didn’t realize that. One showed up to a Zoom meeting in their pjs lying down. The higher ups were thinking, what makes you think that’s acceptable? But this is also how the interns approached school, and if you don’t have a parent or mentor to explain what the expectations are, you don’t know any better.

The pandemic really damaged the infrastructure for teaching the cultural norms of an institution. When students came back to Harvard, staff realized over half of the student population has been educated remotely and doesn’t know what the Harvard experience is. We can see that in the workplace too. I’ve seen organizations that have had so much turnover during pandemic that those who know what the culture was prior to the pandemic are outnumbered by those who don’t know—and those who know are very senior.

FC: What should organizations do in the face of this rift?

GN: I believe the organizations that will win out in the future are the ones who put talent first. In an era where worker well-being can be so transparently analyzed on websites like Glassdoor and Fishbowl and more, as well as social media, the companies that will win, have the best brands, most engaged workforce—are the ones who care about employees’ needs and wants.

When I survey students on what they want from their careers, they overwhelmingly tell me they want financial stability and work/life balance. Only about 2% of any student audience I survey wants to climb the corporate ladder.

FC: What is one tip you have for managing Gen Z?

GN: Ask for their feedback. Understand what motivates them. One of the most underrated conversations that I wish more managers would have is what are your goals, what brought you here, what would make this a more meaningful experience for you and where do you see yourself in the future? How can we craft an experience where we can build your career together?

FC: On the flipside—I know you wrote a whole book about this—what advice do you have for Gen-Zers starting their first jobs?

GN: When I ask managers across industries and job types about their biggest complaint toward early-career hires, they often repeat the same word—”entitlement”—in the form of expecting to become CEO after merely showing up to work for two months. 

On the flipside, I’ve talked to hundreds of mangers, leaders, and executives, and when I ask them what is the one characteristic that’s lacking in the workforce and can set someone apart, they say an ownership mindset. That means not just looking at a problem and assuming it’s someone else’s but looking at it and saying, Hey, what can I do? It speaks to a mindset we’re not taught in school. 

School is about keeping up. Work is about stepping up. It means removing the word ‘just’ from your vocabulary. You might ‘just’ be an intern, but you were hired to help the team achieve its goals. You might have been asked to clean up the spreadsheet, but your mandate is to provide insights that makes the team say wow. If you are ‘just’ sending emails, your mandate might be closing a sale. If you are ‘just’ editing a blog post, your mandate is to sell an idea. Think, why am I being asked to do this? What’s the broader objective? Figuring out what matters to those who matter can really separate those who are just clocking hours to someone who will be a future employee.

Moreover, you can align yourself with work that matters. The more your work matters the more you matter to the organization. Managers often don’t delegate well, they toss work over the fence and expect you to figure it out—most people end up taking those instructions at face value and then getting stressed out when their work isn’t making an impact.

In school you learn by reading what’s assigned and listening to who is on stage. In the real world, you learn by googling, meeting people, and asking questions. In school it’s all about finding the right answer, which is in the back of the text book. In the real world, it’s not a matter of finding the right answer; it’s about giving a compelling argument.

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Career Advice From Private Equity’s Leading Women – The Wall Street Journal

Women have gradually made inroads into the ranks of private-equity professionals, although they remain only a small percentage of those at senior levels in the industry. Each year since 2015, WSJ Pro Private Equity has honored senior and rising leaders across the industry with our Women to Watch list. We asked some of this year’s honorees to share career-building advice for other women just starting out in private equity. Responses have been edited for length and clarity.

It’s…

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How can I make sure I do a good job when I substitute teach? – Chalkbeat

A weekly advice column for K-12 teachers to share their joys, frustrations, and ongoing questions about teaching.

I am a non-licensed central office district employee. There are times over the past years when I have been required to substitute in schools. 

What is the best way to establish relationships with the students and have a productive/low disruption day? — Short-term Bond

[Are you a teacher? Submit your question for our advice column here.]

Short-term Bond,

So many of our students have visceral reactions to teacher absences. 

I have seen students, upon hearing of an absence, leap up with their hands in the air as if they were celebrating victory. I have also seen students drop their heads to their desks and wonder how they will make it through the day without this person they depend on.

Teachers are much more than adults in the classroom who disseminate information. We are a lifeline. 

We are also human who sometimes desperately need to be absent and have reliable guest teachers who can step up and support our learners. Short-term Bond, I imagine the change in your daily schedule is more than a simple interruption. 

Going into a classroom of diverse learners can be intimidating even for advanced practitioners. You are a valuable part of the team and your question about being comfortable in the classroom is one guest teachers face daily.

How to feel comfortable and build trust with students quickly

– Follow the lesson plans. Teachers have strict schedules. We have to follow our scope and sequence and there is often very little wiggle room. In many cases due to common formative assessments, teacher groups must be on the same page in the textbook on the same day. If you follow the lesson plan, it will help the teacher and the students maintain a sense of normalcy.

This won’t always be possible, but when you are given advance notice that you will be filling in for an absent teacher, request the lesson plans be sent to you or shared in a common space. 

– Establish relationships with students. Look for long-term guest teacher spots or opportunities to return to classrooms you’ve spent time in. When you begin to recognize students and remember their names, it helps to establish your credibility. Learn something about their families, their hobbies, and their favorite things. Share your story with them. They will be interested in you.

  • With younger students, I like the idea of Would You Rather games. It can be as simple as would you rather eat peanut butter or hop on one foot? Would you rather eat ice cream or frog legs?
  • For middle-grade students, Heads up 7 up is always a winner. Use it near the end of class as a reward for on-task behaviors.
  • For high school students, 2 Truths and a Lie is a great game. Give students time to write two truths and one lie about themselves. The class has to guess which answer is the lie. 

– Find out what the classroom consequences are for student misbehavior. Most teachers post their rules as well as what happens if rules are broken. For example, you should know if you’re able to message parents directly or whether the staff prefers you leave a note for the teacher.

– When you can, reward students. Find ways to reinforce appropriate behavior and reward those who are performing well. Stickers are a good option. I prefer Jolly Ranchers. 

– Tap into your acting skills. I was once a long-term substitute teacher for a chemistry class (I am an English teacher). I learned more from YouTube than I ever thought possible. I also acted my way through each day imitating what I saw the professionals teach. 

I wore ‘science’ clothes like a lab jacket and used goggles to make my hairstyle pop. I read the teacher’s notes and met with other instructors who provided me packets of information to absorb. The more you know about a subject, the better. The more you do not know, the more you have to act your way through.

Finally, remember, try not to alienate anyone and be welcoming — this is what students will remember most even if you’re only with them for one day. 

Do your best to make that one day better.

Dr. Kem Smith is Chalkbeat’s first advice columnist. She is a full-time 12th-grade English teacher in St. Louis, Missouri. Submit your question to Dr. Kem via this submission form, and subscribe to How I Teach to receive her column in your inbox.

If you have a rebuttal or additional advice you’d like to share with Short-term Bond, please email [email protected]

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Going Places with JAG Corps and Alumna Capt. Marlyss Maxham | Chapman Newsroom – Chapman University: Happenings

“I never wanted to count billable hours,” says Marlyss Maxham (JD ’21) of how she saw her legal career unfolding. Now Captain Maxham, this Fowler School of Law alumna is currently stationed on the tropical paradise of Hawaii’s Oahu island and serving in the U.S. Army’s Judge Advocate General’s (JAG) Corps.

“More than anything, I wanted a work-life balance and to avoid the corporate rat race,” Maxham says.

This isn’t the sort of thing you might typically expect to hear from an aspirant lawyer fresh out of law school and seeking to make their mark on the world; then again, Maxham is not your typical law graduate. It is clear from the outset of our interview that this recent Fowler School of Law graduate has always aspired to a career of service over the trappings of the corner office in the corporate high-rise and a fancy title.

Say what you will, this ambition first saw her seek out a suitable role in the Department of Justice at the federal court level and, when the opportunity she had hoped for did not materialize, she applied for the Army’s JAG Corps, a great fit for a smart graduate who values community, continued learning and a supportive environment for her law career as firmly as she does.

Soldier first, lawyer always

However, a military career can be tough – it requires becoming a soldier. One of Maxham’s initial obstacles was rising to the challenge of balancing soldiering with being a highly educated legal mind at the same time.

“The JAG Corps’ motto is ‘Soldier first, lawyer always,’” she quips.

She remarks on how humbling it was to have gone through her formative training with younger, less worldly-wise recruits who already had an appreciation for the Army and how it gets things done. With time and experience, she explains, this initial humbling and return to “square one” in basic training has become a vital learning for her, supporting her daily in work where she advises much more senior officers and VIPs with her legal opinion. The most striking thing about this is how easily the JAG Corps takes the opinions of both Captain Maxham the soldier and Marlyss Maxham the lawyer to heart in weighing their own leadership decisions – daily decisions that will affect the lives of many of the men and women under their command.

Maxham explains that one of the principal advantages of a role in JAG is that the education you receive as a practicing lawyer is broad, and there is more flexibility than you might initially anticipate in a military career. She is quick to point out that there is both space for a generalist where, “you need to know a little bit of everything,” as well as space for a specialized focus that draws on particular disciplines and specialties, if that is more your speed. Either way, the support from the JAG Corps is nothing short of astonishing – from specialized soldiering programs through aspects of legal praxis, there is little a JAG officer like Maxham – currently working her way through cases in administration law – won’t be exposed to should she choose to pursue one particular career path or another.

Sense of community and supportive environment

Maxham concedes that this level of support and career guidance was not entirely alien to her. She praises Dean Park’s unfaltering guidance and support throughout her JAG application process and, indeed, throughout her entire J.D. degree at Fowler School of Law.

“Thank goodness for Dean Park,” she says – respect and gratitude bubbling up in equal measures, “She was behind me from my first week at Chapman and really helped me structure my entire JAG application with confidence.”

For a former student who puts as much stock in community and a supportive working environment, going from the small, tight-knit law faculty at Fowler School of Law to the JAG Corps seems to have had many points of resonance for Maxham.

I ask her what she has made of the often-cited glass ceilings and barriers to entry in this traditionally male-dominated arena. Maxham chuckles at my naivete and, it seems, it’s my turn to be humbled.

“Most of those barriers had been broken long before I got here,” she points out, “I’m not paving the way forward as much as benefitting from the efforts of the pioneering women who came before me.”

This comment alone serves as some testament to the way the military has matured to welcome and accommodate its female personnel, affording them not only a real and vital career path but also a vibrant and supportive community within which to launch their law careers.

It’s not every day you meet someone who seems so truly at home in themselves, not least someone who is still at the start of their career, still building experience and shoring up knowledge of the world. Maxham may have just graduated law school, basic training and still be a relatively junior JAG lawyer, but there is no doubt that she has found both a trajectory and the quiet confidence that will make former teachers blush with pride and peers tinge with envy. This soldier is surely going places.

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How To Become A Cybersecurity Engineer: Salary, Required Education and Career Outlook – Forbes

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors’ opinions or evaluations.

Cybersecurity Ventures projects that cybercrimes will cost the world a staggering $10.5 trillion per year by 2025. Given these high stakes, organizations are seeking cybersecurity experts to protect their data and help limit losses to cybercrime.

Beyond the many entry-level and intermediate cybersecurity positions, the role of cybersecurity engineer is near the top of the career ladder. This position requires advanced skills and offers competitive salaries.

This article explores how to become a cybersecurity engineer, day-to-day job duties for these professionals and career data for cybersecurity engineers.

What is a Cybersecurity Engineer?

Cybersecurity engineer is among the more advanced roles in cybersecurity. This role is sometimes called information security engineer or network security engineer. Cybersecurity engineers focus on protecting data and preventing disruptions caused by digital attacks.

Cybersecurity engineers’ primary responsibilities include designing, implementing, monitoring and upgrading security measures. As part of information or cybersecurity teams, these engineers respond to security breaches, test and identify system vulnerabilities and write reports for those in managerial roles.

Cybersecurity Engineer Salary and Job Outlook

Cybersecurity engineers earn highly competitive salaries. According to Payscale, these engineers make an average base cybersecurity salary of nearly $99,000. Their wages are likely to increase as they gain experience and earn certifications.

As for job outlook, there is a massive labor shortage in the cybersecurity field. Cyberseek—a collaboration between the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education, CompTIA and Lightcast—performs data analysis of the cybersecurity job market. Between May 2021 and April 2022, there were over 700,000 job openings for cybersecurity professionals, according to Cyberseek.

Cybersecurity roles take 21% longer to fill than other types of jobs on average. This indicates a large talent gap in the cybersecurity field.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 35% job growth for information security analysts from 2021 to 2031. This indicates continued high demand for similar cybersecurity professionals.

How to Become a Cybersecurity Engineer

Cybersecurity engineers occupy advanced roles that require a solid foundation of computer science knowledge and skills. Candidates can learn these skills through traditional degree paths, self-study or bootcamps.

Remember that becoming a cybersecurity engineer will likely require years of study and experience. Earning a certification can be helpful as well.

Earn a Degree

If you’re wondering how to get into cybersecurity, remember that this is a highly technical field requiring a background in computer networks, coding and programming and encryption, among others. A bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity or computer science can provide a solid foundation in these subjects. Related fields like electrical engineering or math can also provide useful skills.

A degree is not always required for a cybersecurity career, but it is a strong option. According to a survey by the (ISC)², an international nonprofit information security organization, 81% of current cybersecurity professionals have an undergraduate degree or higher. Fifty-one percent of cybersecurity professionals hold degrees in computer science.

For those who take the non-college route, a cybersecurity bootcamp can also provide a good education. Completing a cybersecurity bootcamp can quickly equip you with the skills required to perform in an entry-level role in the field. Bootcamp graduates may also pursue certifications to back up their expertise.

Gain Experience

A cybersecurity engineering job is unlikely to be the first role in your career. First, you should seek entry-level cybersecurity jobs to help you gain experience and build your skills.

Potential roles to consider include cybersecurity specialist, cybercrime analyst and incident and intrusion analyst. More intermediate positions include cybersecurity analyst, consultant and penetration tester.

Alternatively, you might start out in an information technology (IT) job before transitioning into cybersecurity. Related roles include software developer, network or systems administrator and IT auditor. In the aforementioned (ISC)² survey, over 50% of respondents started their careers in IT before making the transition.

Obtain Certification

Due to the advanced nature of this engineering role, cybersecurity certifications can serve as a great way to make you a more competitive candidate for available roles. As you work toward an engineering role, consider obtaining one or more of the following certifications.

Entry-level certifications like CompTIA’s Security+ and Network+ can bolster your cybersecurity resume and help qualify you to become a cybersecurity engineer. These certifications also fulfill the requirement to work for the U.S. Department of Defense, if that’s your goal.

For intermediate cybersecurity professionals, ISACA’s Certified Information Systems Auditor® and Certified Information Systems Manager® are good options. Moreover, Global Information Assurance Certification, an entity that administers information security certifications, offers credentials that measure specific knowledge and skill areas.

The cybersecurity industry gold standard is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) certification, which marks you as an elite cybersecurity expert. This designation requires a minimum of four years of paid experience and the recommendation of a current CISSP-holder.

Apply for Jobs

Once you have gained the education and certifications you need, it’s time to apply for jobs. And with over 700,000 open positions in the field to choose from, you should be able to find a cybersecurity engineering role that catches your eye. Companies like Palo Alto Networks, Datadog and CrowdStrike are good places to start.

If you are interested in working for the U.S. Government, USAJOBS is a one-stop shop for positions across the country.

FAQ About Becoming a Cybersecurity Engineer

What should I learn to become a cybersecurity engineer?

Required knowledge includes fundamental computer hardware and software knowledge, firewall intrusion and detection principles, programming languages such as Python and C++, identity management principles, encryption and vulnerability testing.

How long does it take to become a cybersecurity engineer?

Demand for cybersecurity experts is high, and the time it takes to become a cybersecurity engineer may vary. Expect to spend several years completing an education and gaining experience in the field before landing a cybersecurity engineering job.

Is it hard to become a cybersecurity engineer?

Becoming a cybersecurity engineer requires hard work and dedication, but it is doable. According to (ISC)², 26% of cybersecurity professionals surveyed started in a different field. Eight percent explored cybersecurity concepts on their own and were recruited to work in the field.


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‘She Pivots’ with Betty Reid Soskin – Marie Claire

Welcome to “She Pivots,” the podcast in partnership with Marie Claire about women, their stories, and how their pivot became their success. 

Betty Reid Soskin is a mother, music lover, and activist. At 100 years old—she’ll turn 101 in September—she is also the oldest U.S. Park Ranger in history. It’s a career she embarked on later in life. In fact, she sees her current self as an entirely different person from the woman she was in her twenties. 

Betty was born September 22, 1921. In 1942, at the age of 20, she married her first husband, Mel Reid, with whom she had four children. The two opened one of the first Black-owned record stores in California, later getting divorced. 

Two decades later, Reid Soskin had a second marriage that also ended in divorce. “I didn’t know how to be alone. I only knew who I was in relation to someone else,” she said. Though neither marriage worked out, Reid Soskin remained close friends with both Mel and William Soskin, her second husband. 

Then, at 55, Reid Soskin experienced major loss after the death of her two ex-husbands and father within the time span of just three months. It wasn’t until then that she felt truly free to be her own version of Betty. 

“I don’t remember anything except that in 1987, all the men in my life died at one time,” she recalled. “I didn’t know who I was for another three months. I couldn’t imagine being without them. But… at the end of [the] three months, I suddenly discovered that I was no longer Betty Reid or Betty Charbone, or Betty Soskin, but Betty. And I’ve been spinning off that Betty ever since.”

In 2000, as a field representative for State Assemblywoman Dion Aroner, Reid Soskin attended a meeting on the creation of the Rosie the Riveter World War II Home Front National Historical Park. Reid Soskin eventually left her job in 2003 to consult on the development of the park and its education center. Her contributions to the historical records are priceless. Through storytelling and oral history, she helped contextualize the history of WWII by offering firsthand accounts of the stories of Black men and women at a time of great opportunity and even greater loss for the country. By stepping into this role, Reid Soskin shaped the history being shared at the park into a more accurate representation.

“I was the only one who was in the room for several years who was willing to speak out,” said Reid Soskin. “I didn’t know I was the only one at the time. Now I look back and I see that there were people who were living on my words.”

In 2007, she earned a spot as a National Park Service Officer at the age of 85. Now, 15 years later, her legacy continues, and her storytelling has even garnered the recognition of President Barack Obama and others. 

Now, nearing 101, Reid Soskin continues to live her life looking for that next new adventure, saying, “I’m still wondering what I’m going to be when I grow up.”

Emily Tisch Sussman sits down with women weekly on She Pivots to learn about how their personal journeys led to their pivot. Listen to the full conversation on She Pivots, wherever you get your podcasts. Subscribe, leave us a rating and follow us at @ShePivotsThePodcast!